Coconut fiber geotextile on roads – Roads are an integral part of our life. Asphalt roads are built for the comfort and convenience of the population. The main characteristics of paved roads and car parks are their high initial cost, reliability, life expectancy, and maintenance costs.

Coconut fiber geotextile can be used for temporary ground stabilization in road or embankment construction. Coconut geotextile is used as a separating drainage layer on a highway. It is also intended to be used as a reinforcing material at the start of a project. Coconut geotextiles are widely used in road construction throughout the world, while the use of coconut geotextiles in such construction is very limited. Only very limited trials on the use of coconut geotextiles in road construction.

In addition, coconut fiber geotextile can also be used as the first layer of pavement facing asphalt to prevent cracking and cracking of the asphalt or road. In the future, the use of coconut fiber may be increased to mitigate or reduce the risk of landslides. In areas known to be prone to landslides, slope stability can be improved with coconut grass.

The increase in construction rates around the world is putting severe pressure on existing land to create new and suitable sites, often indicating the need to improve existing sites that are considered unsuitable for foundations. This is achieved through soil improvement techniques that are used to improve the quality of soil that is unstable in its natural state. Among construction activities, a well-developed road network is one of the key infrastructure requirements that play a vital role in moving quickly and conveniently between regions in countries like India. One of the innovative soil improvement methods practiced around the world is the use of coconut geotextiles, including geotextiles, geomembrane, geogrids, etc.

The many benefits of using coconut fiber geotextiles

They have advantages such as spa space-saving, environmental protection, material availability, technical superiority, higher cost savings, shorter construction time, etc. The base can act as reinforcement, filter medium, separating layer, and drainage medium. Although polymeric geotextiles are used in large quantities, the use of natural geotextiles (eg coir, jute, etc.) has not yet become widespread.

Coir geotextile is more suitable for low-cost applications due to its low cost compared to its synthetic counterparts. Proper use of coconut geotextiles for a variety of purposes requires large quantities of product, which in turn can lead to a boom in the coconut industry. The present study aims to explore the possibilities of using coconut geotextiles for dirt roads and landfills. The properties of the used coconut geotextile were evaluated. Properties studied include mass per unit area, puncture resistance, tensile strength, drying modulus, etc.

The interfacial friction between soils and three types of coir geotextiles was also evaluated. It was found that although the evaluated parameters of coconut geotextiles are low compared to polymer geotextiles, the former is sufficient for use on dirt roads and landfills. The friction characteristics of coconut soil geotextile are very good and meet the requirements set by the International Society of Geosynthetics for various applications.

Improving the durability of roads with natural products

The effect of coir geotextile on the bearing capacity is carried out during a slab load test. This helped to understand how geotextiles work as a reinforcing material for dirt roads and landfills. Characteristics of various types of coconut geotextiles by laying depth in dry and wet conditions. The results showed that the bearing capacity of the coco-reinforced soil increases regardless of the type of coco geotextile and the state of saturation. The rutting of coir-reinforced and unreinforced sections of unpaved roads was compared by applying model static loads. The depth of the trench was significantly reduced by placing a coconut geotextile between the subgrade and subgrade.

Coir geotextiles roads have proven to be very effective in reducing consolidation times due to radial drainage. The maximum positive effect was given by round drainages of a triangular arrangement. In the long term, the coco geotextile is expected to degrade, resulting in a matrix of soil fibers. Therefore, resistance and compression characteristics of composites of coconut fiber and soil were carried out. The results showed that soil strength increased by 150-200% when mixed with 2% fiber approximately 12 mm long under all compaction conditions. As a result, significant savings in sub-base/base thickness are achieved when using coconut fiber geotextiles, which in turn saves a large number of natural aggregates.

Thus, the coconut palm geotextile is recycled to reinforce the roadway. This should be encouraged at once, so that road strengthening does not occur frequently. And offer companies an opportunity. So, this is a coconut geotextile prevention solution that can be applied on the roads. Coconut fiber geotextiles can withstand runoff rates that cause erosion and maintain soil moisture.